Description Detached multiple-bay two- and three-  storey over basement limestone mansion, built c.  1731, occupied by Wynne family for two-  hundred years, lay empty from c. 1923-1930, the  estate except house sold to Land Commission  and State Forestry Department c. 1937, occupied  by Irish Army c. 1943, house purchased by  Department of Health c. 1947 for use as psychiatric hospital c. 1947, bought by  Italian manufacturing company c. 1969 and incorporated into factory complex,  and lain in poor condition since c. 1987.
Hazelwood House’s History The   house,   which   originally   stood   in   a   wooded   estate   of   15,000   acres, was   designed   by   architect   Richard   Cassels   c.1730   for   Lt-Gen.   Owen   Wynne,   a descendant   of   the   Welsh   Wynne   family   from   Merioneth.   On   his   death   in   1737, the   estate   passed   to   his   nephew,   also   Owen   Wynne   (1686-   1755)   who   was   an Army   officer.   He   was   succeeded   by   his   son,   a   third   Owen,   who   was   High Sheriff of Sligo for 1723 and 1745. The   house   then   passed   to   the   latter's   son,   a   fourth   Owen   (died   1789), who   was   an   M.P.   for   County   Sligo   in   the   Irish   Parliament   and   an   Irish   Privy Councillor.   His   eldest   son,   a   fifth   Owen   (1755–1841),   inherited   the   house   on his   death   and   was   also   an   M.P.   for   County   Sligo   in   the   Irish   Parliament   and High   Sheriff.   He   was   followed   by   his   son,   John   Arthur   Wynne   (1801–1865), MP   for   Sligo   Borough   and   High   Sheriff   for   1840,   and   John   Arthur's   son,   a sixth Owen (1843–1910), High Sheriff for 1874. The   sixth   Owen Wynne   was   the   last Wynne   to   occupy   Hazelwood   House and   died   without   a   male   heir   in   1910.   His   daughter   Murial   and   her   husband Philip   Dudley   Percival   then   occupied   the   house,   selling   off   the   livestock   and machinery   until   they   left   Hazelwood   in   1923.   The   house   then   stood   empty until   1930,   when   a   retired   tea   planter   named   Berridge   lived   there,   carrying   out repairs   and   renovations   before   the   house   and   lands   were   sold   to   the   Land Commission and the State Forestry Department in 1937. In   c.1943   the   house   was   occupied   by   the   Irish   Army and   after   the   war   sold   to   the   Department   of   Health   for   use   as   a   psychiatric hospital.   In   c.1969   it   was   sold   again   to   the   Italian   manufacturing   company SNIA   S.p.A.   to   use   as   part   of   a   nylon   yarn   factory   complex   which   they   built   to the   rear   of   the   house.   The   factory   closed   in   1983   and   was   acquired   in   1987   by the   South   Korean   company   Saehan   Media,   who   produced   video   tapes   on   the site   until   2005.   The   property   was   sold   in   April   2006   for   €7-€10   million   to   a local     consortium,     Foresthaze     Developments,     who     applied     in     2007     for permission   to   develop   the   site.   The   application   was   refused   by   Sligo   County Council   and   the   owners   served   with   a   notice   to   improve   the   fabric   of   the building   to   ensure   its   preservation.   Empty   since   1987   the   house   itself   is   now boarded.                                        
           The Wynnes The   first   occupant   of   Hazelwood   House   was   Lieutenant   General   Owen   Wynne   1664-1737,   third son   of   Owen   Wynne   Senior   of   Lurganboy,   County   Leitrim   and   formerly   of   the   Bala   Estate   of   the Gwynnes in the old county of Merionith in Wales, now known as the larger county of Gwynedd. Hazelwood   House   was   designed   by   German   architect   John   Cassels   and   built   in   1722   of      cut   and polished   limestone,   in   an   Italian   style,   with   a   four   storey   facade   and   two   lateral   curving   wings.   The   Hall door   is   reached   by   climbing   a   flight   of      stone   steps   leading   onto   a   spacious   platform   which   offers   fine scenic   views   of      the   mountains   of      Leitrim   and   of   North   County   Sligo.   The   estate   consisted   of   900   acres of   arable   land   of   which   80   acres   were   under   tillage,   130   acres   were   meadow   and   the   remaining   690 aces were for grazing. A further 600 acres were of forestry.
Hazelwood House
APPRAISAL Built    by    architect    Richard    Castle    for OwenWynne,   this      exquisite,   but   progressively brutalised    house    superbly    located        in mature   woodland   on   the   banks   of   the Garavoge   River,   is   one      of   County Sligo's   most   neglected   treasures.   It   is a   splendid   and      imposing   example   of the Palladian-style. In   spite   of   abject     neglect   and   inappropriate   alteration,   it   is testimony   to   the      quality   of   the   building that    it    has    survived    relatively    intact.   An    abundance   of   fine   stonework   attests         to the       high       quality              craftsmanship employed   in   its      construction   and   pays tribute    to        those    whose    vision    was responsible          for     its     conception.     In addition     to          its     very     high     quality architectural            value      the      house      is important both  socially and historically.
Hazelwood House is an 18th-century Palladian style country house  located in a 70 acre demesne in Calry parish   2 miles  south-east of Sligo town in north-west Ireland.  It consists of a 5- bay by 3-bay main block in 3-storeys with 2-storey wings on either side connected to the main block by single-  storey quadrants. The building is constructed of limestone ashlar with  slate roofs
Three-bay   three-storey   over   basement      main   house   thee   bays   deep,   five-bay single-storey   quadrants   to   east   and   west      sides   curving   forwards   to,   three-bay two-storey   wings   each   three-bays   deep,      three-storey   flat-roofed   fire   escape        c1970   to   the   North   East   of      the   house,   three-bay   two   three-bays   deep,      three-storey flat-roofed   fire   escape         c1970   to   the   North   East   of      the   house,   three-bay   two   storey   house, three-bay   two-storey   south-west   wing   c.   1870   attached   to   south   of   west      elevation   of   main house,   various   single-   and   two-storey   buildings   c.   1870   to      south   of   west   wing   and   west   of main house.  Hipped   slate   roofs,   lead   ridge   and   hip   cappings,   ashlar   corbelled      chimneystacks, lead-lined   parapet   gutters   to   main   house,   half-round   cast-iron      gutters   on   eaves   corbel   course to wings, cast-iron downpipes. Ashlar   walling   to      north   elevation   main   house   and   quadrant   wings;   uncoursed   rubble walling   to      east,   south   and   west   elevations   main   house;   ruled-and-lined   smooth-rendered     walling   to   wings;   plain   rusticated   quoins   to   south   elevation   and   ground   floor      north   elevation main   house;   moulded   plinth,   first   floor   platband   and   sill   course,      plain   frieze,   modillion cornice   and   parapet   blocking   course   to   main   house;      tooled   ashlar   quoins   to   wings.   Square- headed   window   openings   to   main   house;      Gibbs   surrounds   to   ground   floor,   eared   architraves to   first   floor,   kneed   and      eared   architraves   to   second   floor;   north   elevation   with   first   floor central        aedicule    with    Ionic    columns    and    pilasters    and    round-headed    niches    flanking      window   with   swag   in   niche   over   set   within   archivolt,   second   floor   with      recessed   circular niches   flanking   central   window;   south   elevation   with   first      floor   central   Venetian   window with   Doric   pilastered   aedicules   flanking      window   with   archivolt   containing   cartouche   over; painted two-over-  two timber sash windows c.1900. Round-headed    openings    to    quadrant        wings    set    in    pilastered    arcade,    openings blocked-up,   circular   spherical      recesses   in   frieze   over   each   opening.   Square-headed   window openings      to   wings,   Gibbs   surrounds   to   ground   floor,   plain   ashlar   surrounds   to      first   floor, openings   blocked-up.      Pedimented   entrance   doorcase   to   north      elevation,   main   house;   Gibbs surrounds   to      square-headed   entrance   door   opening   flanked      by   square-headed   windows, cartouche    in        tympanum;    timber    panelled    door    c.    1970        with    painted    timber    flanking pilasters,      moulded   transom,   round-headed   plain-glazed      fanlight   in   archivolt;   windows blocked-up;   stone      approach   steps   with   flanking   ashlar   walls   terminating   in      pedestals surmounted    by    urns.    Venetian    doorcase    to    south    elevation,    main        house;    central    door opening   with   archivolt   with   keystone   flanked   by   square-      headed   sidelights   with   Gibbs surrounds;   painted   timber   panelled   double   doors      c.   1900,   glazed   three-pane   overlight,   plain- glazed   sidelights;   stone   staircase      over   basement   area,   flanked   by   giant   consoles.   Interior with   room   off   hall   with      cross-vaulted   ceiling   with   decorative   plaster   enrichments;   dentilled cornice;      fluted   Ionic   pilasters   flanking   doorcase   with   consoles,   cornice   and   overdoor      all     heavily   enriched.      Two-storey   stable   block   ranges   to   east;   hipped   slate   roofs   to   north      range, pitched   slate   roof   to   south   range,   clay   ridge   and   hip   tiles,   half-round      cast-iron   gutters   on eaves    corbel    courses;    uncoursed    rubble    limestone    walling;        square-headed    window openings,    moulded    ashlar    surrounds    to    main    openings,        brick    dressings    to    secondary openings;   segmental-headed   carriage   openings   to      north   and   south   ranges,   ashlar   dressings; elliptically-headed   openings   to   south      range,   brick   dressings.   Situated   in   parkland,   now   in use   as   industrial   premises,      factory   complex   to   south,   approximately   three-kilometres   from Sligo town,  Garavogue River to the west.
Hazelwood   was   the   venue   for   numerous   sporting   and   leisure   events   through   the   years,   with   yacht   racing   taking   place   on Lough   Gill   throughout   the   19th   Century.   Polo   was   another   popular   sport   on   the   Hazelwood   Estate   as   was   shooting,   horse   racing   and rowing.   Owen   Wynne   died   in   1737,   leaving   the   estate   to   his   nephew   Owen   Wynne   1686-1755   who   joined   the   army   at   the   age   of   20, bought   a   company   two   years   later   and   served   several   years   in   Flanders.   He   married   Catherine   Ffolliott,   daughter   of   Col.   John Ffolliott.   John,   the   M.P.   for   CountyCavan,   was   created   Baron   Farnham   in   the   Irish   peerage   in   1756.      Owen   went   on   to   be   the   elected M.P.   for   County   Sligo   in   the   Irish   Parliament,   becoming   an   Irish   Privy   Councillor   in   1756,   thus   earning   himself   the   title   of   Right Honourable. He died in 1789 leaving six sons and three daughters. The   Hazelwood   Estates   were   then   inherited   by   his   eldest   son,   also   called   Owen   (1755–1841)   who,   one   year   later,   married Lady   Sarah   Elizabeth   Cole,   the   eldest   daughter   of   the   first   Earl   of   Enniskillen,   having   two   sons   and   two   daughters.   Owen   entered   the Irish   Parliament   in   1778   as   member   for   Co.   Sligo   whilst   at   the   same   time   his   father   was   member   for   the   Borough.   Owen   was   a notable   agricultural   pioneer,   intent   on   bringing   the   benefits   of   the   English   agrarian   revolution   to   Ireland.   Owen   was   twice   the   High Sheriff   for   County   Sligo   during   his   fathers   lifetime.   John   Arthur   Wynne   (1801–65)   succeeded   to   the   family   estates   in   1841   after   the death   of   his   father.   He   married   Lady   Anne   Butler,   second   daughter   of   the   first   Marquess   of   Ormonde,   who   forebears   were distinquished in Irish history, coming from their Kilkenny Castle stronghold.
Lady   Anne   Butler   bore   four   children   before   her   death   11yrs   after   marrying   John   Arthur   Wynne.   In   1843,   as   the   famine   was   becoming   more   severe,   John   Arthur   Wynne   lowered the   rents   for   his   tenents.   The   following   year   he   applied   to   the   Office   of   Public   Works   for   a   grant   to   improve   the   navigable   channel   betweeno   the   port   of   Sligo.   However   this   application was   refused,   so   Wynne   had   the   work   of   deepening   the   channel   and   making   it   more   direct,   completed   by   means   of   public   subscription,   this   would   have   been   of   great   benefit   to   the   safe departure   of   ships   full   of   emigrants   heading   for America   and   Canada.   Like   other   landlords,   Wynne   paid   for   the   passage   of   emigrants,   with   surviving   accounts   showing   he   had   paid   the local   Midleton   &   Pollexfen   Shipping   Company   £364   for   81   passages.   He   had   also   paid   another   local   businessman   Peter   O'Connor   £126,   15   shillings   for   similar   deeds,   the   destination   in each case being Quebec in Canada. Three   years   after   the   extension   of   the   Midland   Great   Western   Railway   from   Longford   to   Sligo   was   completed   in   1862,   John Arthur   Wynne   died   leaving   his   son   Owen   to   become one of the promoters and one of the first directors of the Sligo, Leitrim & Northern Counties Railway which ran from Sligo to Enniskillen.
Owen   Wynne   (1843–1910)   succeeded   to   the   family   estates   in   1865   aged   23,   marrying   Stella   Fanny,   the   youngest   daughter   of   Sir   Robert   Gore-Booth   of   Lissadell,   four   years later.   Stella   Fanny   Wynne   was   accidentally   killed   on   27   February   1887.   The   accident   occurred   whilst   Stella,   who   was   driving   her   pheaton,   (a   light   four   wheeled   carriage   drawn   by   a single   horse)   on   a   journey   to   visit   Captain   Peel's   house   in   Newtownmanor,   when   the   horse   bolted   on   a   downhill   section   after   the   front   wheels   came   off   the   pheaton.   Stella   and   her companion   Miss   McClintock   were   thrown   from   the   carriage   leaving   Miss   McClintock   uninjured,   however   Stella   hit   her   head   against   a   rock   gatepost,   leaving   her   with   a   fractured   skull, dying of her injuries two days later. Lucy   was   the   daughter   of   Owen   Wynne   of   Lurganboy,   Co.   Leitrim.   They   had   three   sons   John,   Owen   (who   went   on   to   succeed   his   father   in   the   family   estate)   and   John,   and   two daughters   Lucy   and   Hannah.   Owen   went   on   to   become   High   Sheriff   of   Co.Sligo   in   1723   and   again   in   1745   and   High   Sheriff   of   Co.   Leitrim   in   1724,   dying   1755   aged   79.Hazelwood House   was   then   inherited   by   his   second   son   The   Right   Honourable   Owen   Wynne   in   1754.   Owen   married   Anne   Maxwell   whose   brother      wen   Wynne   in   his   youth   had   served   as   a lieutenant   in   the   61st   Foot   Regiment,   as   well   as   following   in   the   family   tradition   of   being   High   Sheriff   of   County   Sligo   in   1875   and   of   County   Leitrim   in   1881.   Owen   Wynne   died   in   1910   at the   age   of   67   and   with   no   male   heir   to   take   over   the   estates,   so   too   came   the   end   of   the   Wynne's   occupation   of   Hazelwood   House.   After   the   death   of   Owen   Wynne   in   1910,   Owen's daughter Murial and her husband Philip Dudley Percival lived in Hazelwood House, selling off the livestock and machinery until they left Hazelwood House in 1923. From   1923   until   1930   Hazelwood   House   remained   empty,   after   which   a   retired   tea   planter   named   Mr   Berridge   lived   in   the   house,   carrying   out   repairs   and   renovations   until   the house   and   lands   were   sold   to   the   Land   Commission   and   the   State   Forestry   Department   in   1937.   During   the   Second   World   War   and   until   1946,   Hazelwood   House   was   occupied   by   the Irish   Army   after   which   the   Land   Commission   put   the   house   up   for   sale.   Under   the   terms   of   the   sale   however,   the   buyer   was   to   demolish   the   house,   level   the   site   and   remove   all   the materials. Three   days   before   the   auction   was   due   to   be   held,   the   offer   was   withdrawn,   a   decision   welcomed   loudly   by The   Sligo   Champion   newspaper,   who   printed   a   scathing   attack   on the   Land   Commission.   Later   in   the   same   year   (1946)   Hazelwood   House   was   sold   to   Saint   Columba's   Mental   Hospital   who   spent   some   £4000   repairing   the   building,   using   it   for   a number of years as a home for mental patients. In   1969   an   Italian   company   called   Snia   bought   Hazelwood   House   and   built   a   factory   to   the   rear   (South)   of   the   house.   Snia   had   employed   up   to   500   people   producing   nylon   yarn. Like   many   businesses   during   the   recession   of   the   early   1980s,   Snia   hit   on   hard   times   and   the   factory   closed   down   in   1983.   Four   years   later   in   1987   the   factory   and   Hazelwood   House were   sold   to   the   South   Korean   company   Saehan   Media   who   produced   video   tapes   until   2005,   when,   due   to   a   downturn   in   business   as   a   result   of   the   digital   revolution,   Saehan   Media too   closed   down   with   the   loss   of   over   150   jobs.   While,   quite   traditional   in   many   areas,   successive   family   heads   were   keen   to   embrace   the   new   technology   of   their   day.   local   legend   has   it that Hazelwood House is haunted, not as one might expect by the spirit of Owen the Last but by his wife, Stella Fanny
 The Wynnes
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